1) The Triune God
We believe in one God, eternally existing in three equally divine Persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, who know, love, and glorify one another. This one true and living God is worthy to receive all glory and adoration.
2) Inerrancy of Scripture
We believe that God has inspired the words of the sixty-six books of the Old and New Testaments. These writings alone constitute the Word of God, utterly authoritative, without error in the original writings, complete in its revelation of His will for salvation, sufficient for all that God requires us to believe and do. We hold to the view that the Word of God is both infallible and inerrant.
3) The Sovereignty & Plan of God
We believe that the personal Triune God of the Bible owns and controls all things according to His will and is always in absolute control of His universe. While He often chooses to work in concurrence with second causes, He so preserves and governs His universe that His will is accomplished. While not understanding everything surrounding the “Problem of Evil”, we do believe that God so bounds, orders, and governs even sin so that He eventually causes all things to work for good for those who love Him and are called according to His purposes.
We further believe that from all eternity God determined by His grace alone to save a great multitude of sinners from every tribe and language and people and nation. This is due solely to His glorious mercy and has nothing to do with any merit within sinful humans. In love, God commands and implores all people to repent and believe. We believe that God justifies and sanctifies those who by His grace have faith in Jesus Christ and that He will one day also glorify these His children.
4) The Creation & Fall of Mankind
We believe that God alone has existed from eternity past and in His wisdom created the universe using nothing which had preexisted. We further believe that mankind did not evolve but that God created human beings, male and female, in His own image. Men and women, equally made in the image of God, enjoy equal access to God by faith in Christ Jesus and are both called to significant engagement in family, church, and civic life. Men and women were created with dignity in the Image of God and in humility in that their aim is to glorify God and enjoy Him forever.
We believe that Adam, made in the image of God, distorted that image and forfeited his original blessedness—for himself and all his progeny—by falling into sin through Satan’s temptation. As a result, all human beings are alienated from God, corrupted in every aspect of their being and condemned to death—apart from God’s own gracious intervention. After the Fall, we are all born into a state of sin characterized by total depravity; and thus no human being is capable in his own nature to please God, to merit God’s pleasure, or to save himself.
5) The Centrality of Christ
We believe in the centrality of Jesus Christ in God’s gracious plan of salvation. He alone is the Mediator of this Covenant of Grace. As Mediator, He represents both God and mankind and thus fulfills three offices:
Prophet: He is God’s spokesman to His Church. Even today, He still functions as prophet as He reveals to His Church (via Word and Spirit) the will of God for our salvation and life.
Priest: He is the Church’s representative to the throne of God. In His atonement, Christ was our representative—taking our sins upon Himself and offering Himself as a perfect sacrifice to satisfy divine justice and to reconcile us to God. In His intercession, He sits on the right hand of the Father and intercedes for us in prayer as our representative.
King: He is the Lord of the Church. He subdues us, rules over us as our Sovereign King, and defends us against the kingdom of darkness.
We believe in His Incarnation which testifies to the fact that Jesus is the Son of God—conceived through the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, only-begotten, both truly human and truly divine.
We believe in His Atonement which testifies to the fact that Jesus is the Savior. He lived a sinless man, died on the cross as a substitute for all those who would believe, follow and trust Him. His death is the key to our redemption—the only way to an abundant life now and to eternal life forever.
We believe in His Resurrection which testifies to the fact that Jesus is Lord. His historical resurrection ushered in His Kingdom which is already here but which is hidden to all those except God’s true children. By His resurrection, Christ Jesus was vindicated by His Father and is the sign of victory over death, Satan, and hell; His resurrection is the first-fruit and promise of our resurrection.
We believe in His Ascension which testifies to the fact that Jesus is God. Jesus Christ sits on the throne of God at the right hand of the Father and prepares a place for us to be with Him.
We believe in His Uniqueness. Salvation is found in no one else.
6) The Work of the Holy Spirit
We believe that God’s salvation is applied to His people by the Holy Spirit. Sent by the Father and the Son, the Holy Spirit glorifies the Lord Jesus Christ and, as "another Helper," is present with and in believers.
Regeneration: God the Holy Spirit by His powerful and mysterious work regenerates spiritually dead sinners and awakens them to the possibilities of a new life with God.
Effectual calling: God the Holy Spirit effectually calls us to Himself, convincing us of our sin, and persuading and enabling us to receive Christ by faith.
Conversion: He leads us into our conscious response to God’s effectual calling and regeneration. Conversion will always result in the same two manifestations of being “born again”. He will awaken in us faith by which we trust Christ and Christ alone for our eternal salvation. He will awaken in us our need for repentance which is a turning away from sin with remorse, redirection of life, and restitution (where possible).
Justification: He saves us from the penalty of sin. Once converted, this justification is a past tense statement: We have been saved from the penalty of sin, have been given an instant new legal status before God, have had Christ’s righteousness imputed to us, and have been adopted into His family as children of God.
Sanctification: He saves us from the power of sin. Once converted, this sanctification is a present tense statement: We are being saved from the power of sin; our condition is daily becoming like Christ; this is a new life before God—a lifetime pilgrimage of dying unto sin and living unto righteousness; the Holy Spirit uses the Law to lead us deeper and deeper into repentance and a renewed sense of our need for grace; Christ’s righteousness is implanted in us on a daily basis.
Glorification: He saves us from the presence of sin. Once converted, this glorification is a future tense statement: We shall be saved from the presence of sin; our expectation is to be like Christ; glorification will occur when we die or Jesus returns, whichever comes first; there will be no more struggle with sin whatsoever in the State of Glory.
7) The Restoration of All Things
We believe in the glorious return of our Lord Jesus Christ and in the resurrection of both the just and the unjust—the unjust to eternal conscious punishment in hell and the just to eternal blessedness in the presence of God the Father and God the Son. On that day the Church will be presented faultless before God by Christ, and His people will be enthralled by the immediacy of His ineffable holiness, and everything will be to the praise of His glorious grace.
We acknowledge that there are a variety of theories concerning the events of the final restoration (tribulation, rapture, millennium, resurrection, final judgment, etc.) which grow out of different interpretations of Scripture. We encourage a diligent sifting of all these positions through a faithful examination of God’s Word.
We recognize that earnest bible-believing members of Covenant Grace may disagree upon the specifics in their beliefs concerning the final or last things such as the Intermediate State, the Second Coming, the Millennium, the Rapture, the Tribulation, the Resurrection, or the Last Judgment (eschatological views). We agree to hold our eschatological views loosely and to disagree agreeably with respect for others who understand the teachings of Scripture on this subject differently.